While there’s absolutely no doubt that CBD has become a hot topic in the world of health and wellness, there’s now a ‘new’ cannabinoid making a notable impression on the scene – CBG.

While many refer to CBG as a new cannabinoid, that’s not strictly true, not when considering that it is responsible for all the others. And while CBG is considered a minor cannabinoid, it does have major potential. So much so that it’s now taking centre stage in various pharmacological studies and making an impact in cannabis-related product marketing.

In this article, we’re going to look at the so-called ‘new’ cannabinoid to see what researchers are saying about the benefits of CBG, what CBG is suitable for, how to use CBG, and what (if any) are the side effects of CBG.

Table of Contents

Understanding CBG

Some of the benefits of using CBG

CBG may help support our ability to focus

CBG may help support good eye health

CBG shows potential in supporting a healthy metabolic process

CBG may help support a more balanced response to stress

CBG may help support antibacterial properties

CBG may help in the fight against the growth in cancer cells

How to Use CBG

What, if any, are the side effects of CBG?

The last word

Understanding CBG

Cannabis sativa plants are a natural source of over a hundred phytochemicals that are collectively known as cannabinoids, and CBG is the parent to the two most notable cannabinoids, THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (cannabidiol). 

Initially, the importance of CBG was tied strictly to its transformation into THC and CBD, and most medical research was focused primarily on this. However, the landscape is changing as more and more researchers have highlighted CBG’s unique properties and how it interacts with the human endocannabinoid system.

Some of the benefits of using CBG

As research continues in the cannabis space, more attention is dedicated to CBG. However, it’s essential to note that much of the current studies are in their early phases, and there’s still a lot more to be learned about the benefits of CBG and any potential side effects. 

However, despite this, several positive and exciting insights into what CBG could be used for have been published, and with that in mind, let’s take a closer look into what is being said about the use of CBG and how it might support our lifestyle.

CBG may help support our ability to focus

CBG users often report a sharper sense of alertness or focus, and one of the possible explanations for this effect is that CBG has shown potential as a neuroprotectant. In addition, CBG may support healthy inflammatory function and has even been shown to possibly support neurogenesis, the growth of new brain cells – perhaps leading to greater capacity for focus and attention.

CBG may help support eye health

Because there’s a high concentration of cannabinoid receptors in our eye tissues, it turns out the endocannabinoid system may play a vital role in maintaining eye health. For example, high levels of eye pressure (ocular hypertension) can result in poor blood flow to the optic nerves, affecting vision. Research suggests that cannabinoids, notably CBG, may help regulate a healthy intraocular eye pressure level.

CBG shows potential in supporting a healthy metabolic process

A 2019 study fully supports CBG’s potential in effecting fat storage, specifically, adipocyte tissues closely related to obesity. The study was conducted via computer simulation, but its positive findings may help progress further research into the impact CBG has on animal and human fat metabolism.

CBG may help support a more balanced response to stress

One of the primary reasons people turn to CBD products is to help manage their emotional well-being. However, it turns out that CBG may be even more beneficial in this respect than its more famous counterpart, CBD.

While both CBD and CBG can help inhibit the breakdown of the neurotransmitter GABA, increased concentrations of GABA may have potent relaxation effects that help regulate the stress response.

There’s an additional component to the way CBG helps to support stress management. CBG happens to be a potent 5-HT1A serotonin receptor antagonist, and studies have suggested that CBG inhibits serotonin’s uptake. Meaning a higher concentration of this neurotransmitter may stay active in the brain and help to support a more balanced mood.

CBG may help support antibacterial properties 

A 2020 study into the antibiotic potential of cannabis found that CBG has antibacterial properties. It was particularly impactful against the methicillin-resistant strains of Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), a drug-resistant bacteria that can lead to staph infections.

CBG may help in the fight against the growth in cancer cells 

During a study carried in 2014, researchers observed the effects of CBG on rats with colon cancer. They witnessed that CBG showed some promise in blocking the receptors that caused the growth in cancer cells and inhibited the growth of colorectal cancer cells. 

 How to use CBG 

There are several methods of using CBG, with the most effective being sublingual. Several drops are placed under the tongue where it passes through the tissue and is absorbed by the bloodstream. 

What, if any, are the side effects of CBG?

Now that we understand what CBG does and how it might support our lifestyle, it’s essential to consider any potential side effects.

Currently, there aren’t enough clinical trials in humans to determine the potential side effects of CBG. However, CBG, like other cannabinoids, has very low toxicity, is non-addictive, and is generally well-tolerated. In various clinical trials with rats, where high doses of CBG were administered, there were no significant adverse effects.

The last word

Because it’s much harder to produce CBG than other cannabinoids like THC and CBD, it makes it very scarce, and since CBG shares many similarities with CBD, manufacturers would instead rather produce CBD.

As a result, the products derived from CBG tend to be more expensive. However, because CBG continues to deliver a wide variety of potential benefits and could be the next ‘big’ thing, more research is being undertaken to ease the production and availability of the cannabinoid and the cost to the consumer.